By the year 2050, there is an expectation that two-thirds of a global population of 9.4 billion people will live in urban areas. Philadelphia is one of these desirable urban areas. As such, we can expect a change in the domestic living arrangements of Philadelphia apartments that we are familiar with today.
In high-density cities like Philly, the static apartment layouts with one function per room will become a luxury that cannot be maintained. The traditional notion of a dedicated living room, bedroom, bathroom, or kitchen will no longer be economically or environmentally sustainable. Philadelphia apartment building space will need to be optimized.
The need to use building space more efficiently means adaptive and responsive domestic micro-environments will replace the old concept of static rooms within a private apartment.
These changes will reframe our idea of what home means, what we do in it, and how the home itself can support and help inhabitants with domestic living.
Sidewalk Labs and IKEA are collaborating with Ori, a robotic furniture startup that emerged from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, to transform our use of increasingly sparse urban living space. They have developed ways to enhance existing apartments with pre-manufactured standardized products to make living spaces flexible.
Leading product designers have produced tantalizing concepts of how these newly developed products could enhance our lives in cities where space is at a premium. In one example, a 9×11 room is successfully utilized for all of the functions of an apartment.
The more intensive and purposeful use of building space with hyper-dense living will have significant impacts on circulation spaces. It will require more services in tighter spaces and a vigilant eye on emergency evacuation pathways. Philadelphia’s public spaces and parks will be much more crowded and play a more important role in our well-being.
The robotic furniture that is available now could also help people with some form of impairment negotiate their home environment. This can be expanded into a broader range of facilitated living aids for people with physical and other impairments.
Mobile furniture is not a new idea. The late 1980s and early 1990s spawned a whole range of mobile furniture, such as tables on wheels and sideboards with castors.
We have always tried to make rooms adaptable. Japanese screens or room dividers were one way. We have space-saving and transforming furniture from IKEA such as folded-up hallway tables that can become dining tables.
The idea of being able to transform our living space made these mobile furnishings enticing. But they all required a range of manual actions and this effort meant that, after a few initial experiments with them, they ended up in one static position. These mobile items became integrated and firmly located within the accumulations of things that make up our private sphere and who we are. The term “robotic furniture” conjures up Jetsons-like images, but what this means is we will have adaptive spaces. Rooms will transform from the bedroom into the living room, or from a study into an entertainment space, at the touch of a button, a gesture, or a voice command.
This heralds the beginning of an entirely new way of conceiving and inhabiting space. We have reached a time where everything is in flux. It introduces another element into our daily routine. The time it takes for the transformation to be completed plays a big role. Too slow and we think twice about it, too fast and it might knock a few things about.
If we take this development a step further, the way our cupboards store and provide access to our things might be next in line for robotic optimization.
There are still questions to be answered. For example, will the speed of the spatial transformation taking place influence the speed of our personal routines, like the time we allow for our morning coffee routine before heading out the door?
How will these new flexible spaces affect our sense of belonging and feeling at home, when everything can change with a voice command?
Robotically optimized homes might change the culture in similar ways to how digital communications altered our conversations, social conduct, personal relationships, and behavior.
The way we think about building and living in high-rise apartments, which we have done for hundreds of years, is about to take a turn. It could transform how we conceive of and inhabit vertical space.
Existing building typologies and the ways and means of how Philadelphia apartments are designed and developed will change entirely. This has the potential to have a massive and disruptive impact on real estate development, building design and regulation, construction methods, housing, and social policy.